电竞世界

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中国教育:波澜壮阔四十年
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教育部党组书记、部长 陈宝生

电竞世界   1978NIAN12YUE,DANGZHONGYANGZHAOKAISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUI,LAKAILEZHONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGDESHIDAIXUMU。40NIANLAI,WOMENDANGTUANJIEDAILINGQUANGUOGEZURENMINPIJINGZHANJI、DILIQIANXING,YINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE,CHUANGZAOLERENLEISHEHUIFAZHANSHISHANGJINGTIANDONGDIDEFAZHANQIJI,HUIJIULEYIFUSHIWUQIANLI、BOLANZHUANGKUODELISHIHUAJUAN。

  JIAOYUSHIGAIGEKAIFANGDEXIANXINGZHE、SHOUYIZHE、ZHULIZHE。40NIANQIANDEZHONGGUO,BAIFEIDAIXING。DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIYILISHIDEYANGUANGYICHUIDINGYIN,“KAOKONGJIANGBUNENGSHIXIANXIANDAIHUA,BIXUYOUZHISHI,YOURENCAI”。HUIFUGAOKAODIANRANYIWANQINGSHAONIANXUEXIREQING,KEJIAOXINGGUOZHUBUQUELIWEIDANGHEGUOJIADEFAZHANZHANLVE,ZUNZHONGZHISHI、ZUNZHONGRENCAICHENGWEISHIDAIHEGUOJIADEZUIQIANGYIN,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUJINRUKUAISUFAZHANDEGUIDAO……GAIGEKAIFANG40NIAN,WOMENSHIZHONGJIANCHIDANGDUIJIAOYUGONGZUODELINGDAO,LAOGUQUELIBINGJIANDINGBUYIDIBAJIAOYUFANGZAIYOUXIANFAZHANZHANLVEDIWEI,ZOUCHULEYITIAOZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIAOYUFAZHANDAOLU。40NIANLAI,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUQUDELELISHIXINGCHENGJIU、FASHENGLELISHIXINGBIANGE,13YIDUOZHONGGUORENMINDESIXIANGDAODESUZHIHEKEXUEWENHUASUZHIQUANMIANTISHENG,JIAOYUZONGTIFAZHANSHUIPINGYUEJUSHIJIEZHONGSHANGXINGLIE,CHENGWEIQUANSHIJIEGUIMOZUIDA、FAZHANSUDUZUIKUAI、FAZHANQIANLIZUIDA、TESEZUIWEIXIANMINGDEJIAOYU。

  40NIANDEFAZHANSHIKUAYUEXINGDE。1978NIAN,WOGUOXIAOXUESHENGRUCHUZHONGBILIZHIYOU60.5%,GAOXIAOZAIXIAOSHENG85.6WANREN,YANJIUSHENG1WANREN。ZAIJIWEIBORUODEDIZISHANG,JINGGUO40NIANNULI,MUQIANWOGUOGEJIGELEIXUEXIAO51.4WANSUO,ZAIXIAOSHENG2.7YIREN,JIAOYUGUIMOWEIJUSHIJIESHOUWEI。XUEQIANJIAOYUSANNIANMAORUYUANLVCONG10.6%TISHENGDAO79.6%,XIAOXUEXUELINGERTONGJINGRUXUELVCONG94%TISHENGDAO99.9%,CHUZHONGJIEDUANMAORUXUELVCONG66.4%TISHENGDAO103.5%,GAOZHONGJIEDUANMAORUXUELVCONG33.6%TISHENGDAO88.3%,GAODENGJIAOYUMAORUXUELVCONG2.7%TISHENGDAO45.7%,JUNDADAOHUOCHAOGUOZHONGGAOSHOURUGUOJIAPINGJUNSHUIPING。WOGUOYONGDUANDUAN20DUONIANSHIJIANZOUGUOLEXIFANGGUOJIAJINBAINIANDEYIWUJIAOYUPUJIZHILU,SUDUCHAOGUOYIXIEFADAGUOJIA。

电竞世界   40NIANDECHENGJIUSHIQUANFANGWEIDE。CONGYINGJIANDAORUANJIAN、CONGNEIRONGDAOFANGFA、CONGCHUANTONGGUANLIDAOXIANDAIZHILIDENG,JIAOYUGEZHONGYAOSUSHUIPINGYUELAIYUEGAO。1995NIANJIAOYUFAGUIDINGJIAOYUJINGFEITOURU“SANGEZENGZHANG”,2012NIANSHIXIAN4%MUBIAOBINGBAOCHILIANXUZENGZHANG,2017NIANGUOJIACAIZHENGXINGJIAOYUJINGFEIZHICHUDA3.4WANYIYUAN。1978NIAN,QUANGUOGEJIGELEIXUEXIAOZHUANRENJIAOSHI899WANREN,2017NIANZENGJIADAO1623WANREN,SHI1978NIANDE1.8BEI,YIZHIGAOSUZHIZHUANYEHUADEJIAOSHIDUIWUCHUJUGUIMO。MUQIAN,WOGUOYIXINGCHENGYI8BUJIAOYUFALVWEITONGLING、BAOKUO16BUJIAOYUFAGUIHEYIPIBUMENGUIZHANG、DIFANGJIAOYUFAGUIGUIZHANGZAINEIDEBIJIAOWANBEIDEJIAOYUFALVTIXI,WEIJIAOYUFAZHANTIGONGLEFAZHIBAOZHANG。

电竞世界   40NIANDEYINGXIANGSHISHIJIEXINGDE。2009NIAN,SHANGHAIZHONGXIAOXUESHENGSHOUCICANJIAOECDZUZHIDEGUOJIXUESHENGNENGLICESHI(PISA)QUDEYOUYICHENGJI,WOGUOJIAOYUYINQIQUANSHIJIEGUANZHU。40NIANLAI,JIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGCHENGXIANCHUGUOLIUXUEYUXUECHENGGUIGUOTONGBUKUODA、LAIHUALIUXUEYUGONGDUXUEWEITONGBUZENGZHANG、“YINJINLAI”YU“ZOUCHUQU”TONGBUTIGAODEJUMIAN。LAIHUALIUXUEGUIMOCONG1978NIANDE1200YURENZENGJIADAO2017NIANDE48WANYUREN,WOGUOCHENGWEIYAZHOUZUIDADELIUXUEMUDEDIGUO。ZHONGWAIHEZUOBANXUEJIGOUHEXIANGMUDA2385GE,YU180DUOGEGUOJIAHEDIQUJIANLILEJIAOYUHEZUOGUANXI,JIANLILE8GEGAOJIBIERENWENJIAOLIUJIZHI。533SUOKONGZIXUEYUANHE1140GEZHONGXIAOXUEKONGZIKETANGBIANBUQUANQIU150GEGUOJIAHEDIQU,HAIWAIXUEXISHIYONGHANYURENSHUDA1YIREN。

  GAIGEKAIFANG40NIAN,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUFASHENGLISHIXINGBIANGE。ZHONGGUOJIAOYUDE40NIAN,SHIBUDUANGAIGEDE40NIAN,BUDUANCHUANGXINDE40NIAN,BIANGEGUANCHUANSHIZHONG。40NIANLAI,DANGZHONGYANGXIANHOU5CIZHAOKAIQUANGUOXINGJIAOYUHUIYI,MOUHUAGAIGE、BUSHUGAIGE、TUIDONGBIANGE。

电竞世界   40NIANLAI,BANXUETIZHIGENGQUDUOYUAN,YIZHENGFUBANXUEWEIZHUTI、QUANSHEHUIJIJICANYU、GONGBANHEMINBANGONGTONGFAZHANDEGEJUJIBENXINGCHENG。CONG1993NIAN“JIJIGULI、DALIZHICHI、ZHENGQUEYINDAO、JIAQIANGGUANLI”SHILIUZIFANGZHEN,DAO2002NIANMINBANJIAOYUCUJINFAZHENGSHIQUEDINGMINBANXUEXIAOYUGONGBANXUEXIAOTONGDENGFALVDIWEI,ZAIDAO2016NIANXINXIUDINGDEMINBANJIAOYUCUJINFAMINGQUEFEIYINGLIXINGHEYINGLIXINGFENLEIGUANLI,MINBANJIAOYUCONGWUDAOYOU、CONGXIAODAODA、CONG“YOUYIBUCHONG”CHENGZHANGWEIZHONGYAOLILIANG。MUQIAN,QUANGUOGONGYOUMINBANXUEXIAO17WANYUSUO,ZAIXIAOSHENG5100DUOWANREN。

电竞世界   40NIANLAI,GUANLITIZHIGENGJUHUOLI,ZHONGYANGHEDIFANG、ZHENGFUHEXUEXIAOZHIJIANJIAOYUZHIZEQUANXIANZHUBULIQING。YIWUJIAOYUCONGZUICHUDE“RENMINJIAOYURENMINBAN”ZHUJIANZOUXIANG“RENMINJIAOYUZHENGFUBAN”,CHENGWEIZHENGFUJIBENGONGGONGFUWU。1998NIANBUSHUGAOXIAODIAOZHENGCHEBINGKAIQILEXINZHONGGUOLISHISHANGGUIMOZUIDADEGAODENGJIAOYUHONGGUANGUANLITIZHIGAIGE,SHIXIANLECONG“TIAOKUAIFENGE”DAO“SANJIBANXUE、LIANGJIGUANLI、YISHENGWEIZHU”BIANGE。CHIXUGAIJINZHIYEJIAOYUGUANLIFANGSHI,FENJIGUANLI、DIFANGWEIZHU、ZHENGFUTONGCHOU、SHEHUICANYUDEGUANLITIZHIBUDUANWANSHAN。

电竞世界   40NIANLAI,KAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGENGJIAKEXUE,HUIGUIJIAOYUGUILV,YOUZHONGZHISHIZHUANXIANGZHONGNENGLI、YOU“YIKAODINGZHONGSHEN”ZOUXIANGFENLEIKAOSHI、ZONGHEPINGJIA、DUOYUANLUQU。CONG1989NIANBIAOZHUNHUAKAOSHIDAO1999NIAN“3+X”GAIGE,CONG1984NIANSHIXINGBAOSONGSHENGZHIDUDAO2003NIANZIZHUZHAOSHENGGAIGE,KAOSHINEIRONGYUZHAOSHENGFANGSHIBUDUANWANSHAN。1998NIAN,WOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUMAORUXUELVJINWEI9.8%,“QIANJUNWANMAGUODUMUQIAO”。1999NIAN,ZHONGYANGZUOCHUGAOXIAOKUOZHAODEJUECE,DANGNIANQUANGUOGAOXIAOZHAOSHENG159.68WANREN,BISHANGNIANZENGZHANG47.4%。2014NIAN,QIDONGZIHUIFUGAOKAOYILAIZUIXITONG、ZUIQUANMIANDEYICIKAOSHIZHAOSHENGZHIDUGAIGE,2017NIANSHANGHAI、ZHEJIANGCHENGGONGSHIXINGXINGAOKAO。

  GAIGEKAIFANG40NIAN,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUCHENGXIANLISHIXINGBIANHUA。LAOLAOJIANCHIWEIRENMINFUWU、WEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHIGUOLIZHENGFUWU、WEIGONGGUHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUFUWU、WEIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEFUWU,NULISHIYINGDANGHEGUOJIASHIYEFAZHANYAOQIU,BUDUANMANZURENMINQUNZHONGQIDAI,YOUXIAOZHICHENGWOGUOZONGHEGUOLIHEGUOJIDIWEIBUDUANTISHENG。

  40NIANLAI,JIAOYUTIXIBUDUANWANSHAN,SHOUJIAOYUQUDAODAFUTUOKUAN。ZONGXIANGSHANG,XUEQIAN、CHUDENG、ZHONGDENG、GAODENGGECENGCIJIAOYUXIANGHUXIANJIE;HENGXIANGSHANG,PUTONGJIAOYUYUZHIYEJIAOYU、GONGBANJIAOYUYUMINBANJIAOYU、CHUGUOLIUXUEYULAIHUALIUXUE、XUELIJIAOYUYUFEIXUELIJIAOYUTONGBUFAZHAN。MUQIAN,QUANGUOYOUZHIYEYUANXIAO1.2WANSUO,ZAIXIAOSHENG2680WANREN,ZHONGZHIHEGAOZHIFENBIEZHANGAOZHONGJIEDUANHEGAODENGJIAOYUDEBANBIJIANGSHAN。JIANLILEZIKAO、HANSHOU、CHENGRENYEDA、CHENGRENGAOKAO、GUANGBODIANSHIDAXUE、KAIFANGDAXUE、MUKEDENGDUOZHONGJIAOYUQUDAO,RENRENXUEXI、SHISHIKEXUE、CHUCHUKEXUEDEXUEXIXINGSHEHUIJIAKUAIJIANLI。

电竞世界   40NIANLAI,JIAOYUGONGPINGDEBUFABUDUANJIAKUAI,MEIGERENSHOUJIAOYUQUANLIDEDAOGENGHAOGENGYOULIDEBAOZHANG。2008NIANQIUJIXUEQIQI,WOGUOSHIXIANCHENGXIANGYIWUJIAOYUQUANBUMIANCHUXUEZAFEI,ZHEISHIWOGUOJIAOYUFAZHANSHISHANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOLICHENGBEI。QINGXIEZHICHINONGCUNJIAOYU、ZHONGXIBUDIQUJIAOYU,SHISHINONGCUNJISUZHIXUEXIAOJIANSHEGONGCHENG、QUANMIANGAIBO、JIAOYUTUOPINGONGJIANDENGZHONGDAGONGCHENGXIANGMU,QUANGUOCHAOGUO80%DEXIANSHIXIANYIWUJIAOYUJIBENJUNHENGFAZHAN,GENGDUONONGCUNHEZHONGXIBUDIQUHAIZIXIANGSHOUDAOGENGHAOGENGGONGPINGDEJIAOYU。NONGCUNYIWUJIAOYUXUESHENGYINGYANGGAISHANJIHUAMEINIANHUIJI3700DUOWANREN。JIANLIFUGAICONGXUEQIANDAOYANJIUSHENGJIAOYUDEQUANXUEDUANXUESHENGZIZHUZHENGCETIXI,BURANGYIGEHAIZIYINJIATINGJINGJIKUNNANERCHUOXUEDEMUBIAOJIBENSHIXIAN。80%YISHANGJINCHENGWUGONGRENYUANSUIQIANZINVZAIGONGBANXUEXIAOJIUDU,LIUSHOUERTONGGUANAIFUWUTIXIBUDUANJIANQUAN。SHILI、TINGLI、ZHILISANLEICANJIERTONGYIWUJIAOYURUXUELVDA90%YISHANG。

电竞世界   40NIANLAI,RENCAIPEIYANGHEKEJIGONGJISHUIPINGZHUBUTIGAO,FUWUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANNENGLIBUDUANZENGQIANG。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,GAODENGJIAOYULEIJIWEIGUOJIAPEIYANGHESHUSONGLE9900WANMINGGAOSUZHIZHUANMENRENCAI,ZHIYEXUEXIAOLEIJIPEIYANGHESHUSONGLE2YIDUOMINGJISHUJINENGRENCAI。WOGUOGAOXIAONIANBIYESHENGRENSHUCONG16.5WANZENGZHANGDAO820WAN,40NIANJIANZENGJIALEJIN50BEI。MUQIAN,WOGUOLAODONGNIANLINGRENKOUPINGJUNSHOUJIAOYUNIANXIAN10.5NIAN,XINZENGLAODONGLIZHONGJIESHOUGUOGAODENGJIAOYUDEBILICHAOGUO45%,PINGJUNSHOUJIAOYUNIANXIANDADAO13.5NIAN,GAOYUSHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPING。GUOJIAXIANHOUSHISHI“211GONGCHENG”“985GONGCHENG”“2011JIHUA”“‘SHUANGYILIU’JIANSHE”DENGZHONGDAXIANGMU,WOGUOGAOXIAOZAIQUANQIUDEWEICIZHENGTIDAFUQIANYI,JINRUSHIJIEPAIMINGQIANLIESHULIANGXIANZHUZENGJIA,JIN100GEXUEKEJINRUSHIJIEQIANQIANFENZHIYI。GAOXIAOCHENGDANLEQUANGUO60%YISHANGDEJICHUYANJIUHEZHONGDAKEYANRENWU,JIANSHELE60%YISHANGDEGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI,HUODELE60%YISHANGDEGUOJIAKEJISANDAJIANGLI,FABIAOKEJILUNWENSHULIANGHEHUODEZIRANKEXUEJIJINZIZHUXIANGMUJUNZHANQUANGUO80%YISHANG,GAOXIAOZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEDUIWUHEYANJIUCHENGGUOJUNZHANQUANGUOZONGSHU80%YISHANG,ZAIZAIRENHANGTIAN、LIANGZITONGXIN、CHAOJIJISUANJIDENGLINGYUCHANCHUYIPIJUYOUGUOJIYINGXIANGLIDEBIAOZHIXINGCHENGGUO,YOULITUIDONGLECHUANGXINXINGGUOJIAJIANSHE。

电竞世界   GAIGEKAIFANG40NIAN,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUMAIRULISHIXINZHENGCHENG。JINNIAN9YUE10RI,DANGZHONGYANGZHAOKAIQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUI,YIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIYIN,MOUHUAJIAOYUGAIGEFAZHANDEHONGWEILANTU,KAIQILEJIAKUAITUIJINJIAOYUXIANDAIHUA、JIANSHEJIAOYUQIANGGUO、BANHAORENMINMANYIDEJIAOYUXINZHENGCHENG。

  YAOSHENKELIJIEHEBAWOXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYUJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOLUNSHU,QIESHIZUODAO“JIUGEJIANCHI”,QUANMIANLUOSHIJIAOYUYOUXIANFAZHANZHANLVE。YAOBALIDESHURENZUOWEIJIAOYUDEGENBENRENWU,ZAIJIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN、HOUZHIAIGUOZHUYIQINGHUAI、JIAQIANGPINDEXIUYANG、ZENGZHANGZHISHIJIANSHI、PEIYANGFENDOUJINGSHEN、ZENGQIANGZONGHESUZHIDENGLIUGEFANGMIANXIAGONGFU,PEIYANGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHEHEJIEBANREN。YAOJIAQIANGJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHE,BUDUANTIGAOJIAOSHIDAIYU,RANGGUANGDAJIAOSHIANXINCONGJIAO、REXINCONGJIAO。YAOJIANJUEPOCHUZHIYUEJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANDETIZHIJIZHIZHANGAI,JIANJUEKEFUWEIFENSHU、WEISHENGXUE、WEIWENPING、WEILUNWEN、WEIMAOZIDEWANZHANGGUJI,CHONGFENJIFAJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANSHENGJIHUOLI。YAOJIAQIANGDANGDUIJIAOYUGONGZUODEQUANMIANLINGDAO,BAJIAQIANGZHENGZHIJIANSHEBAIZAISHOUWEI,BUDUANZENGQIANG“SIGEYISHI”,ZIJUEJIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”,JIANJUEZUODAO“LIANGGEWEIHU”,SHIZHONGZAISIXIANGSHANGZHENGZHISHANGXINGDONGSHANGTONGYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGBAOCHIGAODUYIZHI。SHENRUTUIJINJIAOYUXITONGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENG,YINGZAOFENGQINGQIZHENGDELIANGHAOZHENGZHISHENGTAI。

电竞世界   40NIANJIANKUFENDOU,BUWANGCHUXIN;40NIANBILULANLV,SHUOGUOLEILEI。JINTIANDEZHONGGUOJIAOYUYIJINGZHANZAIXINDELISHIQIDIANSHANG。WOMENYAOJINMITUANJIEZAIYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGZHOUWEI,JIANCHIYIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,SHENHUAJIAOYUGAIGEKAIFANG,JIAKUAITUIJINJIAOYUXIANDAIHUA、JIANSHEJIAOYUQIANGGUO、BANHAORENMINMANYIDEJIAOYU,WEIJUESHENGQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGZUOCHUXINDEGENGDAGONGXIAN。(BENWENKANFAYU《RENMINRIBAO》2018NIAN12YUE17RI11BAN)


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